Health and Fitness
Apple ethanol extract found to improve adult stem cell therapy

In this study, researchers from different universities in South Korea investigated the proliferative effects of apple ethanol extract on two types of mesenchymal stem cells and identified the possible molecular mechanisms underlying these effects. The results of their study were published in the journal Nutrition Research.

Adult stem cells (ASCs) are commonly used for tissue regeneration. This process has significant potential as a novel treatment for many degenerative diseases.

According to previous studies, age has a negative effect on the proliferation and differentiation of ASCs, and this could potentially limit the cells’ therapeutic use.

The researchers hypothesized that apple ethanol extract might exert beneficial effects on ASCs.
To test their hypothesis, they examined the proliferative effects of apple ethanol extract on human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) and human cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (CB-MSCs).

Myths and truths about hydration, and why many people don’t realize they are dehydrated

Are you drinking enough water? Most people often forget the simple act of keeping themselves properly hydrated because they’re preoccupied with work or some other activity. Oftentimes, people will only remember drinking when they’re already thirsty, which shouldn’t be the case. The body of a normal human adult is comprised of 60 percent water, and he or she must consume a specific amount of water to survive. Water helps lubricate joints, produce saliva, remove waste through urination, and regulate body temperature through sweating. Dehydration occurs when your body is not getting enough, or is losing too much water.
Signs of dehydration
The symptoms of dehydration depend on how long you’ve gone without drinking, or how much water you’re body had lost. Here are the most common signs of dehydration.

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Safflower is used in Asian medicine to treat various ailments

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a multifunctional crop that is used extensively in folk medicine in China, Japan, Korea, and other Asian countries. The plant produces yellow to deep red flowers, which are largely used for flavoring and coloring purposes. Over the years, researchers have isolated and identified more than 100 compounds from C. tinctorius. In a recent article, researchers from the University of Macau and the Hong Kong Baptist University compiled a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the phytochemistry and pharmacology of C. tinctorius. Their review appeared in The American Journal of Chinese Medicine.

In their paper, the Chinese researchers reported that the flavonoids and alkaloids in safflower, especially the quinochalcone c-glycoside hydroxysafflor yellow A, N-(p-Coumaroyl) serotonin, and N-feruloylserotonin, are responsible for most of the pharmacological activities of C. tinctorius.

In traditional medicine, the flowers and seeds of safflower are used to treat various ailments, such as dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain, and joint pain, as well as blood stasis and osteoporosis.

Safflower is also recommended as a treatment for rheumatism, paralysis, vitiligo, psoriasis, mouth ulcers, and numb limbs, among others.

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